Gypsum drywall is one of the most popular forms of drywall that is used in homes today. It is relatively easy to install and you can apply wall paper or paneling over it. Additionally, after your gypsum drywall installation is complete you can even paint it.
Gypsum Drywall Background
Gypsum drywall may be an unfamiliar term to a lot of people, even though it is one of the most popular wall coverings today. Gypsum drywall is a powdery compound that has been made into a paste.
Next, it is laid between two sheets of papering and then put through extreme heat which causes all the moisture to leave the paste. The end result is gypsum drywall. Another name for this type of drywall is plain drywall and wall sheets.
Preparing the Wall Area
It is important to have the wall area prepared before you begin your gypsum drywall installation. Between the studs you will need to go ahead and place your insulation material. Once the insulation is place, cover the entire area with a thin sheet of clear, polyurethane plastic covering.
Preparing the Studs
The wall studs are going to be the place that you mount your gypsum drywall covering. It is important the studs be clean and free of debris. You do not want old nails or other material to damage the drywall covering or poke through.
Measuring the Area
Next you will measure the area of your wall. You want to make sure that you take these measurements with you to the store to order enough gypsum drywall for the project. It is very difficult to stop in the middle of the project and go back to the store for more materials.
You will use drywall screws for your gypsum drywall installation. Regular nails or even regular screws will cause cracking and damage to the drywall material. It is easiest to use a screw gun to mount the drywall.
Floor to Ceiling
Take your pre-cut drywall sheet and secure it with the drywall screws on the studs from the floor to the ceiling. Ideally you need to place the screws approximately six to twelve inches apart. You can apply more screws later if needed. If there is no flooring, allow approximately one-half inch to one inch gap in the floor area to add flooring later.
Once the drywall is hung, you will want to tape the seams or joints. You should do this as you go to make sure the drywall is full secured.
Once the drywall is taped, you should apply a thin layer of mud over the tape and any gaps in the seams and joints. Use the back of the mud trowel to make the area as smooth as possible. You do not want lumps or piles of mud. A thin layer will do nicely.
After the mud has set for several hours or preferably overnight, you need to sand the seams. Run your hand over the seams to make sure that they have a nice even consistency. This is a very important step to not leave out of your gypsum drywall installation project.
The drywall is now ready to paint, hang wall paper or cover with paneling.