People interested in mulberry tree planting do so for two reasons: to pick the trees delicious fruit and/or to provide a source of quick shade in their yard. Additionally, because mulberries are such quick-growing trees, they are not that expensive at nurseries, so that along with their fruit and shade-giving properties, this makes mulberries one of the most popular trees in many areas of the United States and Canada.
Keep Gender and Size in Mind
Fruit is only produced by the female mulberry. When mulberry tree planting, this is important to take into consideration because when the tree does produce fruit, it does so in abundance, making a huge mess to those who do not intend to use the fruit.
Conversely, planting mulberries with the hope of harvesting the bounty, only to be disappointed with a tree that produces nothing more than pollen can be quite disappointing, as well.
Because of the mulberry trees spreading nature, it makes an excellent shade tree. Some species can reach heights of up to 80 feet, but most only grow from 30 to 50 feet tall. You will want to select areas for mulberry tree planting that receive full sun and do not plant the trees any closer than 15 feet apart. If you are planting female mulberries, make sure you do not plant them near any doorway to your home or any other area upon which you do not wish to find mulberry stains tracked from the soles of shoes.
Mulberry tree planting should be done in good, loamy, well-drained soil. Although not absolutely necessary, as these are tough, drought- and wind-resistant trees, mulberries can be fertilized yearly with a balanced formula. Pruning limbs larger than two inches in diameter is not recommended, if possible, because of this trees propensity to bleed sap.
If pruning must be done to get rid of crossing or crowded branches or to remove dead wood, do so when the tree is dormant to cut down on the amount of bleeding sap.
Mulberry tree planting of the varieties that produce fruit will reward you richly with berries that vary in color (depending upon the species) from white, red, or black when ripe. To harvest, you can either place a clean sheet under the branches of ripe fruit and shake the branches vigorously or pick the mulberries individually by standing on a ladder.
These berries, particularly the black mulberries, make an excellent ingredient for anything in which one would use blackberries or raspberries and make an excellent mix along with apples and pears in a simple fruit salad. They also do exceptionally well in ice cream, pies, tarts, and puddings, and are excellent when made into jams, jellies, and preserves.
As mentioned before, mulberry tree planting makes sense for people wanting quick shade, delicious, versatile fruit, or both. For a good, all-around tree that requires little care and gives back much more than it takes, consider the mulberry. Despite what some people claim as the mulberrys faults and flaws, one thing is apparent: Its popularity speaks for itself.