Thatch is a combination of grass and reed. Reed is similar to grass; however, it is a tall perennial. Once dried and properly installed it is possible for these grasses to become an important piece of thatch roofing material. Traditional thatch roofing material is often made out of grass; however, it is possible for thatch to be made out of other natural grass-like products.
Many thatch roofs have been made with wheat straws, oat straws, barley, and rye. No matter which type of grass products are being use thatch roofing material is often easily accessible and durable. It is possible for certain thatch roofs to last up to fifty years or more.
A traditional grass-like thatch roofing material is combined with reed to make a complete roof. The reed that is often used is known as water reed. The water reed is used to help keep a home or a building dry from snow or rainfall. Water reed is waterproof and when it is properly grouped together and installed it helps to keep water out of the inside of a building.
The grass-like products and water reed also work effectively as a thatch roofing material because they make maintain a home temperature fairly easy. Thatch roofs are designed so they are extremely energy efficient. They do not require any upstairs or attic ventilation. Thatch roofs effectively keep a building cool in the hot summer months and warm in the chilly winter months.
Since thatch roofing material is made from naturally grown products there may be a small animal problem depending on where the building with the thatch roof is located. The majority of homes and businesses that have properly installed thatch roofs will not experience a problem; however, improperly installed roofs may have a bird or rodent problem.
Rodents, such as mice and rats, will not be attracted directly to the thatched roof; however, they are attracted to holes or large openings. Properly installed roofs will not have this problem. There are some other thatch roof materials, such as wheat, that may attract a number of extra birds.
Depending on the thatch roofing material used and how it was installed many homeowners and businesses can have a beautiful problem free roof. Thatch roofing will cost a little bit more than a traditional slated roofs; however, many homeowners with a thatch roof feel that it is definitely worth the investment.