A whole house water filter system is a water filtration system that is hooked into the main water line of your home. Therefore, it filters all of the water coming into your house instead of just filtering it at the kitchen sink like some other systems do. That means that not only is your drinking water filtered, but your laundry, shower, toilet, bathroom sinks and any other water source inside the home is filtered as well. That way you are sure to get contaminant free water regardless of where you get it from in your home.
Different Types of Filtration Systems
When purchasing a whole house filtration system, you want to consider the different types of filtration systems available. The type of system your home requires will depend on your water supply.
For instance different types of systems are used on homes with wells than on homes with city water. Yes, city water often has more contaminants than well water. The fact is that no matter where you get your water from, it still will need filtering to be 99.9% safe for human consumption. Below, we will list some of the types of filtration systems and give a brief explanation for each:
Carbon water filters: These are probably the simplest type. Only about 5% of homes use something other than carbon water filters. So, they are very widely used systems. They are made from charcoal derived from coconut husks that filter the water’s contaminants. They effectively filter out most harmful contaminants including two of the most deadly, Cryptosporidium and Guardia.
For homes that have a huge sediment problem, you may want to consider an additional sediment filter before the charcoal filter so the more expensive charcoal filter doesn’t fill with sediment before its lifespan is run out. The additional filter saves money in the long run if your filters are getting clogged with sediment before the charcoal has run its course.
Water Distillers: Water distillers get rid of any impurities in your water, but at a cost. The problem with distillers is that they rob the water of all the beneficial natural minerals as well as the contaminants. You are, in effect, making your water a bit safer, but also less healthy at the same time. Therefore, distillers are not always the best option for drinking water. Water for other things such as laundry, showers and hand sinks, sure, but if you want a all-in-one system, this isn’t the best choice in our opinion.
Reverse Osmosis Filters: These are filters that were created for submarines originally. They filter the water very well, but again you have the problem of over filtering because it takes out valuable minerals as well. This system gives the same basic end results as the distilling system above.
Ultra Violet Radiation Systems: The
systems are commonly used in third world countries in hotels where the risk of contamination by fecal matter is high. The system works by passing an ultra violet light through the water that kills any form of living organisms, as they are what cause disease. There is no way to know if it works 100% for sure without testing the water though. These systems have to be properly maintained and the element replaced before it wears out just to be safe.
Ceramic Water Filters: Ceramic water filters consist of cartridges that can be used in regular bench top systems. They work by filtering the water through a microorganism’s fossils. The process if pretty interesting scientifically speaking. It involves the fossils of tiny algae called diatoms that have been on earth for millions of years in our water supply. The most noted problem with ceramic filters is that they have a slow flow rate. If your household consumes a fair amount of water, this is not likely to be your best solution. Check the flow rates and figure the flow rate you need by consulting with a specialist before thinking about using this system.
Magnetic Water Filters: The magnetic filters are on a path to a new age in water filter systems. The system works basically by passing water through a magnetic field which rearranges the atoms or ions of the water. The end effect on the water is basically that it becomes softer as the water molecules become smaller which is great on hard water, but not an all in one solution yet by any means. Further research is needed to determine if this method will be more useful in the future. Perhaps, in conjunction with another method, it will be one day soon.
Energetic Water Treatment systems: While these are great for the whole house as they are used mostly on the main water line coming in, they do not really filter the water. These types do make softer water and provide a higher quality of water. They just are not as good as the charcoal systems in the end.
So, as you can see, the first option above is probably the best way to go for a multi-purpose solution for your whole house system. Above are only some of the more popular types of water filtration systems. With water being one of the most important natural resources Earth as to offer, it is no surprise that the research and development of water filtration systems is a constant effort.
We, as Earth’s inhabitants, have a responsibility to clean up after ourselves. There is a good chance that one day, with the advances being made in water supply regeneration and water filtration, that we may be able to save the worlds water supply when our planet is inevitably over grown with pollutants as it is mostly today.